Teachers can use visual notes in almost any classroom setting: when you’re explaining a topic, or when students are sharing ideas, insights, or presenting. Visual notes help enhance learning and information retention. They’re effective for any student – whether elementary, high school, or post-secondary.

This free template outlines some of the basics of visual note-taking, but check out the video and the article below for more details!

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There are a few basic building blocks of visual notes. Layouts are core to visual notes, as the clarity of your visual notes is all about how you organize content on the page. Other components include text, banners & boxes, dividers, bullets, images, and colors. You’ll be a visual note taking super hero if you have a basic understanding of these.

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Your layout is how you organize the content and the “path” you want the viewer to follow. There are many ways of laying out your visual notes, but these are five basic ones.

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1. Columns

Split the page into three, and start drawing left to right, filling up each column as you go.

2. Pathway

Snake your content around the page, and you might use a big arrow to guide the reader.

3. Hub and spoke layout (or mind map layout)

Your main topic is the hub in the middle, and sub topics radiate out. For example, you might have a diagram of an animal cell as the hub and each component of the cell as a spoke.

4. Boxes

Like a comic book, you might like to work with boxes as your main layout. Each box could be a different topic.

5. Popcorn layout

A popcorn layout is more open to putting content anywhere on the page.



It’s best to keep your text organized by Main Idea, Sub-Idea, and Supporting Text. Your main idea is the big topic you’re covering, and it might have multiple sub-ideas. Same for the supporting text.

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An example might be dog breeds as our main idea. A retriever could be a sub-idea, since it’s one type of breed. And the characteristics of a retriever can be listed underneath. A different sub-idea might be a basset hound, as it’s a different breed.


Banners & boxes

Banners and boxes are containers for your content. They really help split up a lot of text, and help the eye navigate the page. They also don’t have to be banners and boxes – they could be an image like a car!

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On our example here, we’ve added a big banner to the title so it stands out more, and banners to the sub-titles. You can see we’ve put each feature of a glacial valley into a separate box, and added bullet points to anchor our text.


Dividers & bullets

Dividers are great for splitting up content you’ve captured to help differentiate it. Dividers can be any style of line or shape you can think of.

Bullets are another type of divider because they help anchor each piece of text you’ve written in a list. These are a few simple ones, but bullets can be whatever you think up!

Sketchnoting dividers and bullets, using dividers in visual notes


We could go down a rabbit hole on color theory, but a good principle to keep in mind is dark colors are best for text, and light colors are best for background content that you don’t want to compete with your text. Background content can also include arrows, shapes, and dividers.

You can also use a bright color, such as red or orange, to make a key idea pop in your text.

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Sometimes people think they need to be an artist to take visual notes. But this is not true — you don’t have to be an “artist” to take effective visual notes. Visual notes that are mostly text, or just arrows and stick figures, can be highly effective.

It’s helpful to practice drawing a few simple icons you might use over and over. Such as a piece of paper for a big list, a light bulb for ideas, or if you’re a math teacher, maybe have a decent set of 3D shapes or triangles.

You also don’t need to draw live! You can save your icons as individual images, and simply insert them into your visual notes when you need them.

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Sharing your visual notes

For online classes, you can share your visual notes through screen share in Microsoft Teams, Zoom, etc.

And in the classroom, you can share visual notes to a Smart Board or projector. This is great if you don’t want to be on your feet all day at the front of the class. Some people also find working on the smaller screen is easier and quicker than writing on a large smart board.

Using visual notes in the classroom, sketchnoting in class, sharing visual notes in class


We’ve been taking visual notes in conferences around the world since 2010 (visual note-taking is also called live drawing, graphic recording, visual scribing, sketch-noting). We’re always exploring new methods and ways of using visuals to explain complex topics — from animations to clickable graphics to augmented reality!

Have an idea for a visual project? We’d love to hear from you, so send us a message!



Creative Director + Graphic Facilitator

[email protected]

Tanya has been working as a graphic facilitator and graphic recorder since 2010. She believes the most effective graphic recording starts with a deep understanding of your organization, topics, and culture. She leads her team at Fuselight Creative with this philosophy in order to deliver a truly unique and engaging experience at conferences and on projects.